Why Zimbabweans Relocate to the Diaspora
It is estimated that there are millions of residents outside of Zimbabwe's borders who were either born in the country or are descended from immigrants. Permanent emigration is a relatively recent phenomenon having begun in the 1990s but expanded significantly since 2000.
Much of the country's middle class has chosen to emigrate due to poor political and economic conditions at home, especially during the political violence that marred the 2000s, essentially foot voting. Zimbabwe's high literacy and skilled immigrants by African standards, has made them highly attractive, for example in the United Kingdom, where many medical professionals have been recruited directly by the NHS.
Additionally, a steep decline in funding for once-prestigious institutions such as the University of Zimbabwe and the National University of Science and Technology, Zimbabwe has pushed many students abroad particularly to Australia, Canada and South Africa to complete their university studies.
However, refugees and less skilled migrants tend to reside legally or illegally in nearby South Africa, due to the fall of the standard of living and economic conditions in Zimbabwe.
Below are statistics to show issues of concern to the Zimbabweans living in the diaspora, particularly the UK, South Africa and the rest of the world.
- Political Situation- 80%
- Economic Situation- 80%
- Security Issues- 60%
- Healthcare- 56%
- Employment Opportunities- 50%
The Zimbabwean diaspora has a 95% literacy rate and a highly skilled ault population. The main languages spoken are English, Shona, and Ndebele.
Two-thirds of Zimbabweans say that they would like to return to Zimbabwe and live there in the future once or when issues they raised concerns over have been addressed.